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Brachytherapy for Recurrent Single Brain Metastasis

     Mark Bernstein, Alberto Cabantog, Normand Laperriere, Phil Leung and Cindy Thomason

Abstract:   Of 112 stereotactic high-activity iodine-125 implants for malignant brain tumors done as of July 1, 1994, ten have been done for recurrent single brain metastasis and constitute the study group described herein. All patients had initially undergone craniotomy for tumor resection followed by fractionated external beam whole brain radiation and recurred at the same site in the brain. The interval between initial cancer therapy and occurrence of the brain metastasis was 13 - 156 weeks (median: 63 weeks). The interval between initial treatment of the brain metastasis and its recurrence treated with brachytherapy was 13 - 69 weeks (median: 35 weeks). Minimum brachytherapy dose administered was 70 Gy at a median dose rate of 67 cGy/hour. Eight patients have died. Two died suddenly at 2 and 13 weeks post-implant of presumed pulmonary embolus. Five died of recurrence of the brain metastasis at 20, 39, 52, 103, and 143 weeks post-implant, and one died of systemic metastases at 40 weeks post-implant. Two patients remain alive 183 and 324 weeks post-implant. High-activity iodine-125 brachytherapy appears to be of benefit for selected patients with recurrent single brain metastasis but larger, and preferably randomized studies are needed.

Can. J. Neurol. Sci. 1995; 22: 13-16


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